Basics and sides

Insalata di rucola e parmigiano

Part herb, part salad leaf, ‘rocket’ (Eruca vesicaria) comes from the Italian term ‘rucola,’ and finds its way into all sorts of Italian foods up to and including pizza. Rocket is actually a brassica and was cultivated by the Romans where it was valued as an aphrodisiac. In fact, rocket was apparently so potent in the boner department that it was banned from cultivation in monasteries in the Middle Ages. I have no truck with this notion – I have eaten plenty of rocket and have yet to suffer the embarrassment of being unable to rise from the table.

Extract from ‘Up-to-date developments on wild rocket cultivation’ by Bianco & Boari, 1996.

When mixed simply with Parmesan and some kind of dressing, rocket is the perfect accompaniment to steak. The recipe given here is our own where we mix handfuls of rocket with shaved Parmesan, and drizzle over olive oil and balsamic vinegar in the classic 3:1 proportions of a French vinaigrette (some say 1:1). It is important to use the best olive oil you can find, and the shave the Parmesan with a speed peeler or potato peeler rather than grating it. The best balsamic vinegar is always the thicker kind, and this can be obtained in the UK from any branch of Carluccio’s.

To beef up this classic salad, many recipes add halved cherry tomatoes (‘pomodoro piccolo‘). The whole thing can be made into a main lunch dish by adding things like toasted pine nuts, Dolcelatte, chopped salami and cooked chickpeas.

Insalata di rucola e parmigiano

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Serves: 4


  • 150g rocket
  • 80g parmesan, shaved
  • 3 tbsp extra-virgin olive oil
  • 1 tbsp good-quality balsamic vinegar
  • Sea salt and freshly ground black pepper



Combine all the ingredients in a bowl, toss and season. Scatter over a little more shaved parmesan for a fresh look.


Halved cherry tomatoes are a common addition to this classic salad.

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  • Reply
    Cynthia Romano
    22/12/2020 at 3:49 pm

    Just found your site…….thank you, its my kind of food

    • Reply
      Nigel Eastmond
      23/12/2020 at 8:36 am

      Thanks, Cynthia.

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